OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens for Healthcare Personnel

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Author: Terry Jo Gile, MT(ASCP) MA Ed.
Reviewer: Judi Bennett, MT, BSM

This course addresses the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens standard as it applies to healthcare personnel. Learn about major bloodborne pathogens, including Hepatitis B and HIV. The majority of this course focuses on safety, including proper handling of sharps, personal protective equipment (PPE), use of engineering controls such as microbiological safety cabinets, and proper work practices including hand washing. Use for required yearly training. Authored by well-known safety expert Terry Jo Gile.


  • Describe causes and symptoms of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV.
  • Explain potential risks to health care workers from bloodborne pathogens.
  • Identify the proper personal protective equipment for a series of tasks.
  • Explain the use of engineering controls.
  • Explain how to correctly handle sharps.
  • Demonstrate proper hand hygiene procedure.

Course Outline

  • Introduction
      • You Are At Risk!
      • About This Course
  • Bloodborne Pathogens
    • Hepatitis B Virus
      • What Causes Hepatitis B Infection?
      • Occupational Exposure to HBV
      • Spread of HBV in the Community
      • Blood Needed For Transmission
      • What Happens After HBV Infection?
      • Chronic Hepatitis B Infection
      • Infectious Period
      • Who is infected?
      • How Can HBV Be Prevented?
    • HIV
      • What Causes HIV Infection?
      • How is HIV Contracted?
      • What Happens After HIV Infection?
      • How Easily is HIV Transmitted?
      • How Can HIV Be Prevented?
    • Hepatitis C Virus
      • Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)
      • HCV Infection
      • Recent Information Regarding HCV Infection and Treatment
      • What Happens After Hepatitis C Infection?
    • Knowledge assessment
      • Which of the following is a vaccine-preventable infection?
      • Acquiring an infection as a result of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens (BBPs) can be prevented by taking which of the following precautio...
  • Introduction to OSHA
      • Occupational Exposure Standard
      • Components of the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard
      • The Exposure Control Plan
  • Preventive Measures
      • Preventive Measures
      • The Hepatitis B Vaccination
      • Standard Precautions
  • Methods of Control
      • Methods of Control
      • Engineering Controls
      • Work Practice Controls
    • Sharps
      • Sharps
      • Needles, Safety Needles, and Needleless Systems
      • Sharps Safety Summary
    • Specimens and Containers
      • Handling Specimens
      • Transporting Specimens
      • Labeling and Color-Coding Specimen Containers for Storage and Transport
    • Housekeeping
      • Housekeeping
      • Small Surface Spills
      • Broken Glassware
    • Contaminated Wastes
      • Contaminated Waste (non-sharps)
      • Contaminated Sharps Waste
      • Biohazard Labeled Bags
      • Contaminated Laundry
    • Labeling
      • Labeling
      • Labeling not Required
  • Personal Protective Equipment
      • PPE and the OSHA Standard
      • Personal Protective Equipment
    • Gloves
      • Gloves Must be Worn...
      • Gloves
    • Face and Eye Protection
      • Face and Eye Protection
    • Garments worn as PPE
      • Garments worn as Personal Protective Equipment
    • Knowledge Assessment
      • Which of the following would not offer sufficient facial protection if splashes or sprays of blood or other potentially infectious materials may occur...
      • Which of the following are considered engineering controls?
  • Hand Hygiene
      • Importance of Hand Hygiene
      • Handwashing Procedure
      • Antiseptic Hand Cleanser
  • Postexposure Follow-up
    • Exposure Incidents
      • Exposure Incident
      • If an Exposure Occurs
      • Evaluation and Treatment
    • Avoiding Exposure
      • Avoiding Exposure
  • Knowledge assessment
      • What should you do if you accidentally stick your finger with a contaminated needle?
      • Which of the following statements about hepatitis B vaccination is true?
  • Ebola Virus
      • Ebola Virus
  • References
      • References

Additional Information

Level of instruction: Basic

Intended Audience: Health care personnel and other professional personnel whose occupations involve the potential of exposure to bloodborne pathogens
Author Information:  Terry Jo Gile, MT(ASCP)MA Ed has over 45 years experience as a certified medical technologist. She has a bachelor's degree in Biology from Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa, and a master's degree in Education from Central Michigan University in Mount Pleasant, Michigan. For 20 years she was a member of the management team at Barnes-Jewish Hospital Department of Laboratories in St. Louis, Missouri, and served as the Safety Officer as well as a laboratory safety consultant to the BJC Health System. Terry Jo headed her own consulting firm, Safety Lady, LLC, for 27 years. In that capacity, she lectured and consulted worldwide on the proper implementation of safety programs in clinical laboratories.
Reviewer Information: Judi Bennett, MT, BSM is a Program Director for MediaLab, Inc. During her 25 year career in clinical laboratory science, she has served as Laboratory Manager, Senior System Analyst, Point-of-Care Coordinator, Microbiology Supervisor, and generalist. Judi has been a speaker at various LIS, AMT, and CLMA conferences and has been published in peer-reviewed publications.

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